SHARM EL-SHEIKH, Egypt, Nov 12 (Reuters) – India wants countries to agree to phase out all fossil fuels at the COP27 climate conference in Egypt, rather than a narrower deal to phase out coal as agreed last year, two sources familiar with the negotiations told Reuters on Saturday.
At COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland last November, countries agreed to a final declaration in which, for the first time, the parties to the UN climate conference committed to accelerate efforts towards “phasing out irreversible coal energy” – by targeting the most polluting fossil fuel. fuel.
India wants to expand those pledges to cover all fossil fuels, the two sources, who spoke to Reuters on condition of anonymity, said.
Asked to confirm this was its position, a spokesperson for the Indian COP27 delegation said: “We did not mention coal at all.
The push would put oil and gas consumers and producers in the spotlight, as well as countries that rely on coal. India generates about three-quarters of its electricity by burning coal, according to the Indian Ministry of Coal.
The proposal would have to be approved next week if it were to go to the final COP27 agreement.
The spokesman said India had referred to a report by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which said countries must halve emissions by 2030 to meet climate targets, and that this would require a significant reduction in fossil fuel use.
“We mentioned the IPCC AR6 report that has come out of Glasgow which recognizes the need for a phase-out of all fossil fuels. This was done in the context of a clean energy transition only,” the spokesman said.
Reporting by Simon Jessop, writing by William James, editing by Christina Fincher
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